Frequently Asked Questions

Check out the RightMesh Telegram channel to learn what other people are asking about the RightMesh project and to find many more answers! If your question is not answered here, be sure to ask us directly on the channel.
What is a Token Generating Event?

A Token Generating Event (TGE) is sometimes called an ICO or initial coin offering. A TGE is an innovative mechanism for a company to programmatically generate a unique cryptographic token by a Smart Contract System, whereby the tokens themselves are highly programmable. As such, the token can be used as an economic incentive within a network and store or transfer value between users, devices, or applications. In the case of RightMesh, the token rewards participants for sharing their data connectivity and other device resources (e.g., battery usage, processing power, and sensor information); moreover, the token grants participation and enables a settlement function that participants within the RightMesh network will use to facilitate the purchase and sale of goods and services on a peer-to-peer basis. There will be a crowd contribution period where RightMesh AG will accept contributions in exchange for RightMesh Tokens, which will be transferred upon the Token Generation Event.

What is the RightMesh token called?
The RightMesh token is the RMESH token.
How many tokens will be generated in total?

129,498,559 tokens will be generated. This is a finite supply and no additional tokens will ever be generated.

How much in total contributions are being sought for the RightMesh project during your crowd contribution?

We have set a maximum amount of US$30,000,000 to be contributed. This number has been the subject of many hours and hours of conversations over the past 8 months as we have gone through the process in preparation for the RightMesh TGE.

This number was not arbitrarily picked. The goal is to be producing revenue in the project in 2019 and be cash positive in 2020. We have done extensive budgeting exercises looking at how and when we will grow the project and company in order to deliver on the roadmap and vision that we have set out for ourselves. Thus, our 3-year budget is as follows:

  • 2018 - $10M
  • 2019 - $15M
  • 2020 - $20M
Is there a minimum amount being raised?

No. The project will go ahead regardless of the total contributions received. RightMesh AG’s parent company, Left, has already invested over $7M into the project over the past 3+ years. The only thing that may change is our roadmap timeline if we have to reduce the annual operating budget.

What currencies will be accepted during the crowd contribution period?
Only ETH will be accepted. However, the TGE is being done at a price pegged to the US dollar.
What jurisdictions are eligible to contribute to the RightMesh Token Generating Event?

RightMesh AG is a Swiss company and thus abides by all Swiss rules and regulations. Thus, we are unable to have participation by sanctioned nations under Swiss law. Furthermore, each contributor is responsible for abiding by the laws and regulations in their jurisdiction and meeting the appropriate requirements. All contributors must go through registration to enable thorough KYC and AML requirements, prior to fund transfer or token generation.

US citizens and Canadian residents are prohibited from participating during the Pre-Allocation and Public-Contribution rounds.

Why are you restricting contributions from the USA and Canada?
While we are confident that the RMESH token provides real utility to the community, this includes compensating mesh users for sharing their data and device resources, due to the uncertain regulatory landscape within the United States and Canada, out of an over-abundance of caution, we have decided to restrict contributions from these countries. We are doing full KYC (know your customer) and AML (anti-money laundering) checks for all contributors to the project to ensure that these restrictions are enforced.
I am a US or Canadian citizen, are you sure there is no way for me to participate?

RightMesh AG is working with a few values-aligned community members who believe in the project and the change we are trying to make in the world. A few of these community members are electing to contribute to the project in advance of the Token Generating Event. These contributors all must be classified and provide proof that they meet “Accredited Investor” designation for their jurisdiction, including the USA and Canada. We call these people Early Contributing Supporters.

In addition to signing attestations of Accredited Investor status, Early Contributing Supporters must also sign a Mandate Services Agreement with RightMesh AG whereby they agree to support the company in developing its activities. Such services may comprise, but are not limited to the following business development services:

  • Providing suggestions to improve the RightMesh Project.
  • Demonstrating willingness to be publicly associated with the RightMesh project, where appropriate.
  • Supporting the RightMesh community.

There is a US$50,000 minimum contribution requirement for Early Contribution Supporters. If you are interested in learning more about Early Contribution into the RightMesh project and supporting our long-term success, then please contact us directly by email at [email protected]

What is the timing and structure of the RightMesh Token Generating Event?

The RightMesh TGE consists of 2 phases:

Public Pre-Contribution Period (20% bonus)

  • The public pre-contribution period is anticipated to commence on February 15, 2018 and run for approximately 2 weeks.
  • Approximately, one-third of the total tokens being released for public distribution will be received during this public pre-contribution period
  • Participants will receive an additional 20% in bonus RMESH tokens for being the first to support the project and helping to take the risk out of the project
  • All contributions to the project will be received by Bitcoin Suisse AG, and all contributors must be signed up within the Bitcoin Suisse platform, which includes KYC and AML checks
  • Pre-registration will commence on the Bitcoin Suisse website (www.BitcoinSuisse.ch) in early 2018
  • RightMesh will NEVER ask you to send contributions to a crypto wallet or directly to us. All funds will be processed and received by Bitcoin Suisse. Anything other than this should be treated as a scam and we ask that you please bring it to our attention as soon as possible
  • US citizens and Canadian residents are prohibited from participating in the Crowd Contribution Period

Crowd Contribution Period

  • After the public pre-contribution period is over, checked, and cleared, we will announce the exact schedule and implementation of the crowd contribution period. This announcement will be made on the company’s Telegram channel and on the Bitcoin Suisse website.
  • The company has a hard cap of $30M in total contributions and will be releasing 38,850,000 tokens (30%) of the total supply to supporters of the project to the public, including all contribution rounds. This amount does not include an additional 10% of the total generated tokens specifically allotted for future AirDrop tokens for the public.
  • If the hard cap has been reached and there remains an excess of tokens within the allocation, these excess RMESH tokens will be airdropped to the community within one calendar year of the RightMesh token generating event
  • If the hard cap is not reached, the tokens will be retained for future distribution
  • All contributions to the project will be received by Bitcoin Suisse AG, and all contributors must be signed up within the Bitcoin Suisse platform, which includes KYC and AML checks
  • Pre-registration will commence on the Bitcoin Suisse website (www.BitcoinSuisse.ch) in early 2018
  • RightMesh will NEVER ask you to send contributions to a crypto wallet or directly to us. All funds will be processed and received by Bitcoin Suisse. Anything other than this should be treated as a scam and we ask that you please bring it to our attention as soon as possible
  • US citizens and Canadian residents are prohibited from participating in the Crowd Contribution Period
When will the crowd contribution round start?

The Crowd Contribution phase will start at precisely 13:00 CET on May 30th, 2018. For the first 24 hours, there will be an individual cap set at an amount which will be calculated to let all Whitelisted contributors participate. After 24 hours, the cap will be lifted and contributions of any pre-authorized amount will be accepted.

Was the Crowd Contribution phase delayed?

Yes, the original date for the Crowd Contribution phase was March 27th, 2018. We delayed the event in order to do the ‘right’ thing by pausing to answer some queries from the British Columbia Securities Commission (BCSC) which were relatively quickly clarified. Read the full details of the delay here.

Great, I would like to contribute to the vision and own RMESH tokens. What’s next?
Please join our telegram channel and register on our website for email alerts. We will notify everyone when the pre-contribution and public contribution periods are starting. Also, in early January, those interested in contributing will be able to register on the Bitcoin Suisse portal (www.BitcoinSuisse.ch). All contributors will have to register via Bitcoin Suisse and have to go through full KYC and AML processing for a Swiss company.
Is there a hard cap for RightMesh AG’s Token Generation Event?
Yes, the cap is the equivalent of $30 million (USD).
What percentage of total RMESH tokens are allocated to the public sale, and what happens to the rest?
How will funds generated from the Token Generation Event be used?
What will happen to unallocated tokens?

Unallocated RMESH tokens will be returned to the RightMesh AG Treasury where they will be used to support the growth of the ecosystem. If the hard cap has been reached and there remains an excess of tokens within the allocation, these excess RMESH tokens will be airdropped to the community within one calendar year of the RMESH token generating event.

What are the plans for the treasury tokens?

Our goal is to support the community growth and adoption whereby the mesh networking community is inherently part of the growing blockchain and cryptocurrency community as well. We want to be able to support training and development for mesh users (application developers, companies, end users, etc.) to encourage mass adoption of the RightMesh SDK and continuously improve node density around the globe. It is our mission to connect the next billion people and along the way we need to change the way the world views connectivity to understand the necessity for decentralized and distributed connectivity. Having a reserve of tokens will support adoption particularly in emerging markets and will ensure there is a constant flow of tokens within the network.

Should the company need to raise additional funds for continued growth and development of the project, RightMesh AG may sell treasury tokens to contributors to sustain momentum.

How is the RMESH token classified in the Blockchain Crypto Property (BCP) Classification?

The RMESH token is a Counterparty-less BCP 1 Application Token with participation right and settlement function that participants in the RightMesh Network will use to facilitate the purchase and sale of goods and services on a peer-to-peer basis.

Its functionality depends on three technical layers: (1) the underlying technology infra-structure protocol (here Ethereum Protocol); (2) the programming and functionality of the RightMesh Network; and (3) the programming and functionality of the MESH SCS to register and settle the participation (functionality) to the RightMesh Network.

Following the deployment of the Network, the RMESH Token provides both a participation right and means of payment for goods and services. For example, should suppliers and users of the RightMesh Network decide to exchange internet capacity service on a fee basis over the RightMesh Network, the internet capacity accessed by User 1 will have to be remunerated to the supplier (of internet capacity) in form of RMESH Tokens. Hence, RMESH is a counterparty-less participation right and settlement token. According to the BCP Framework, the RMESH Token qualifies as a pre-functional BCP 1 Application Token as long as the Network has not been deployed on the Blockchain. Once the Networks is up and running, the qualification changes to a functional BCP 1 Application Token.

How are RMESH tokens used?

To share connectivity
To participate in the buying and selling of internet or data access between users.

To share Resources
Buy and sell storage, processing, and sensor data between users.

To share Content
Buy content created by other users; create and sell your own content.

To share Rewards
Reward users for disseminating content, advertising, or apps to other users.

Who is Bitcoin Suisse and why is RightMesh working with them?

Bitcoin Suisse is a regulated financial entity based in Switzerland. They handle the KYC (know your customer) and AML (anti-money laundering) compliance for the RigthMesh AG contributions.

Bitcoin Suisse has supported many successful crypto-asset token sales including OmiseGo, Bancor, Tezos, Status, and aeternity, among others. You can learn more about their involvement in the blockchain space here.

Who is RightMesh AG?
RightMesh AG, a Swiss company, has representatives in Switzerland, Canada, Bangladesh, Singapore and the United States. More than 100 scientists, developers, entrepreneurs, business strategists, and world-class experts in mesh technologies and blockchain team together to build a new paradigm for connectivity.
Who is LeftTM?
Left of the Dot Media (doing business as Left) is a multinational media and technology company with holdings in mobile and Internet0based businesses. Left initiated the RightMesh project in 2014, carrying forward the development, costs, and oversight of the project for most of its existence. While the token generating event is being done under the Board of Directors for RightMesh AG, the Board assigns operational tasks to sub-contractors in multiple jurisdictions for carrying out the day-to-day duties of the RightMesh project. This includes sub-contracting to Left various duties and development activities. Left is a certified B-Corp and has won numerous awards for community engagement and corporate culture.
How long has RightMesh been around?
Left, RightMesh’s parent company, was established in 2010. It has been incubating the RightMesh project for more than 3 years, and RightMesh AG was established in early 2018.
How many people are on the team?
With representatives in Switzerland, Canada, Bangladesh, Singapore and the United States, the RightMesh team is comprised of more than 100 scientists, developers, entrepreneurs, business strategists, and world-class experts in mesh technologies and blockchain.
Who is advising for RightMesh?
We have a top-tier roster of advisors who bring a breadth of knowledge to the project around blockchain and open source projects. You can learn about our advisors here.
What is RightMesh?

At the heart of RightMesh is a mesh networking protocol that allows direct, P2P connections between disparate devices, and a cryptocurrency protocol that incentivizes people to share mobile device resources such as bandwidth, data and storage with those who lack access.

Developers can use our platform and SDK to integrate RightMesh technology into their applications, thereby increasing global connectivity and facilitating international communication and commerce.

What inspired the concept of RightMesh?

A few years ago, any time the multinational team from Left needed to Skype with each other, all the employees in the Bangladesh office had to stop what they were doing and get off the internet to free up the bandwidth for skype. The employees themselves decided, as a gift to our cofounders John Lyotier and Chris Jensen, to find a solution to this problem. They developed an app that let them continue to communicate directly with each other even when they couldn’t access the internet. We conducted market research and found that the problem of internet non-connectivity, particularly in developing nations, was a wide-spread problem with massive economic and social implications. We realized that if we could expand upon the concept of this initial app, we could make a lasting and meaningful difference to our world. The idea for RightMesh was born.

In many places in the world, data is activated sporadically throughout the day. For example, daily in Mumbai, millions of people turn on their data to query the train schedule via a single app while they are standing at the train platform. The standard behaviour of these millions of users is to activate their data for that specific reason and then turn the data off again. RightMesh could work with this appS to mesh-enable the app so users’ phones autonomously connect to other users’ phones and pull the most recent schedule if anyone has it. If no one has the schedule, a user can choose to pull the schedule and then share it with others. In the future, this behaviour will be rewarded with RMESH tokens.
How will RightMesh AG help developing nations, and why are you focused on that?

RightMesh AG’s mission is to connect the next billion users, so our primary focus is on remote regions and developing countries where the current digital divide is greatest. Localized apps will allow communities to tailor solutions to their own specific challenges. For example, in Asia and Africa, where women walk an average of 3.7 miles per day collecting water, a mesh-enabled app might simply let them know what the current water levels are, if there are any obstructions on the route, or if others around them have extra water to spare.

According to a United Nations report, broadband Internet is failing to reach billions of people living in the developing world; according to the report, the Internet is currently only accessible to 35 per cent of people in emerging markets. Connectivity will help these nations accelerate progress, bridge the digital divide and develop knowledge societies. It’s simply the right thing to do.

How can RightMesh help in developed regions?

Though RightMesh AG’s initial focus is on emerging markets, there are clear ways in which the protocol can benefit developed areas as well. A mesh enabled app could help circumvent repressive regimes, promote net neutrality, and improve network efficiency during network congestion. Mesh-enabled apps are being developed for conferences, sporting events, concerts, universities, resorts and other closed environments with high density and a need to connect.

What are some use cases of RightMesh?

The possible use cases are limitless, as apps can be developed for micro-specific geographies and needs. For example, the RightMesh project is currently involved in a community-driven initiative to bring connectivity to Rigolet, a remote indigenous community region of Labrador, Canada. In this community of 300, there is only one ISP, connectivity is expensive and painfully slow and congestion stifles use. The community has a need to share real-time data about weather condition changes, such as the thickness of ice cover, that affects their health and livelihoods. An app was developed for the community, and RightMesh is enabling the data to be sent throughout the community directly, without having to access the ISP.

Another example of a mesh-enabled app, which is currently under development by RightMesh and will soon be available in the Google Play Store, is an emergency communications app. It enables communication between people even when natural disasters strike down Telco’s and ISPs or when central authorities want to censor or shut down internet traffic.

RightMesh is discussing many use cases with prospective developers. Some of these include:

  • Distributing educational videos and apps across tablets in school classrooms where there is no connectivity
  • Messaging / social app to be used on underground subways
  • News distribution apps at transit stations
  • Meet local people’ dating type apps (in countries where Tinder is banned)
  • Educating tourists about important tourist spots on location

RightMesh enables apps to reach their desired target markets or to extend their reach. Many blockchain projects aim to bring benefits to developing nations and remote areas, however, many of these applications may not be effective if their market does not have connectivity. RightMesh can help these applications accelerate adoption by enabling connectivity between users.

What is ad hoc mobile mesh networking?

Mobile mesh networking basically turns smartphones into network nodes in an ad-hoc, self-forming, self-healing, self-regulating network using the Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Direct and Bluetooth capabilities inherent in the phones. The nodes can communicate directly P2P with each other without relying on internet access. If one node in the network has connectivity through internet or data, it can share it with other nodes on the network.

What makes RightMesh different from other mesh networks?
  1. RightMesh does not require any hardware or fixed infrastructure; it simply utilizes the devices that people already have.
  2. RightMesh uses a direct routing algorithm based on optimal path routing that is resource efficient, as opposed to broadcasting messages to all nodes in the mesh which is resource intensive.
  3. RightMesh uses a combination of the Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Direct, and Bluetooth capabilities inherent in each phone (with the possibility to add others in the future) to establish a physical link between devices.
  4. RightMesh has an established team with high levels of business and technical experience and expertise. We’re unique in our ethics and ethos to use those advantages as a force for good.
What devices does RightMesh operate on?

RightMesh runs on any Android device (version 4.0 or higher) and/or any device that runs on Java. We plan to expand the technology to other devices and platforms in the future.

Why doesn’t RightMesh work on my Apple devices?
Our initial target region, where we can make the most positive impact, is in emerging markets. These regions, and increasingly developed regions as well, are dominated by Android users with 87% of the market being Android devices. Additionally, iOS is an entirely closed system which makes developing apps for it challenging.
What hardware does RightMesh use?
RightMesh does not use hardware, as the devices themselves make up the needed infrastructure. Our solution is entirely a protocol and software approach that works within existing smartphones.
What is the underlying physical link layer for RightMesh?
RightMesh currently utilizes Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Direct, and Bluetooth which are inherent in the smartphones we are aiming to connect. We have plans to integrate additional technologies as well.
What is the range of connectivity for RightMesh?
As RightMesh is software based, the range is limited to that of the device on which it is running and the environment it is in. For a standard Android phone that has Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Direct, and Bluetooth functionality, this equates to around 50m between 2 nodes when using Wi-Fi or Wi-Fi direct and 10m between 2 nodes when using Bluetooth.
Does one RightMesh node always need to be connected to the internet?
No. RightMesh allows for 2 modes of connectivity. One mode connects nodes directly and is completely offline. The second mode allows nodes that do have internet connectivity to share with other offline nodes.
Can general purpose internet traffic be shared across RightMesh?
Yes, in Q4 2018 or early 2019 we are expecting to support general purpose internet traffic including search capabilities and browsing. At the moment, while these capabilities are being developed, we are working with applications only. Please refer to the RightMesh Roadmap for up-to-date functionality and date estimates.
Can nodes on geographically disparate meshes communicate with each other?
Yes. Users can hop across meshes by connecting to an internet connected device. The traffic will flow through the internet to an internet connected device on the other mesh and then be routed to the appropriate node. For example, a mesh located in Bangladesh could connect to a mesh in Los Angeles so long as one node in each mesh is connected to the Internet.
How can I make a mesh enabled application?
The RightMesh solution is entirely software based. The team has worked really hard to simplify the solution so anyone with or without mesh networking knowledge is able to make a mesh enabled application. Just install our SDK, a mere 7 lines of code, into a new or existing app to mesh-enable it.
How can I get the RightMesh SDK?
The RightMesh SDK is currently in private beta. To apply for the beta, register here.
Is the RightMesh SDK free?
Yes. The RightMesh SDK is free. Our goal is to have an infinite amount of distributed applications by empowering developers around the world to build on top of the RightMesh SDK. We want to create a community whereby these developers can gain added benefit by mesh enabling their applications, reaching a new subset of customers that aren’t currently online, and in turn contributing to an increasingly dense network. The more globally distributed nodes (mesh application users) there are, the stronger the network, and the more powerful and unstoppable it becomes.
Where can I find the source code for existing mesh enabled apps?
The source code for RightMesh’s own apps will always be published on Github, although the majority of apps will be developed by RightMesh partners. Check out Github to see our current sample apps.
What blockchain does RightMesh use?
RightMesh uses the Ethereum blockchain for settling transactions and payments between participants in a RightMesh network. We have built the platform in a way that is open to change in the future; therefore, we are always researching capabilities of new blockchain solutions.
How is Ethereum incorporated into RightMesh’s network solution?

Core to the RightMesh network is an Ethereum account and identity layer that uniquely identifies every mesh node; traditional identity methods (IP addresses) will not work adequately in an off-the-grid mesh world.

Every device will also have a RightMesh wallet where a user can set a price at which they wish to buy data, and a price to sell data (if applicable). When data is transferred in the network between two nodes, transactions across all nodes in an active mesh network will be settled on the Ethereum Mainnet through payment channels and facilitated by RightMesh superpeers.

Why does RightMesh need a token?
Successful mesh networks depend on density. Incentivizing good behaviour by establishing a valuable reward (RMESH Token) that can be earned for sharing behaviour will grow the network. The MESH protocol token, based on the ERC20 token standard, facilitates the sale of goods and services within the mesh network and empowers users to become micro-entrepreneurs with their excess device resources.
How does a RMESH token translate to utility in the RightMesh ecosystem?

Mesh tokens transfer from content providers and between users to reward behavior and pay for goods and services essentially helping the network to grow and coverage to expand.

Is RightMesh open source?

The RightMesh core networking protocol will be open source once the foundational networking stack has been completed and its performance has been tested, tried and established. The cryptocurrency protocol layer will be open source from the start.

Is mesh enabled P2P connectivity secure; and if so, what security system do you use?

Rightmesh supports end-to-end encryption using the Open Whisper/Signal library. The library has been modified to be independent of internet access by not involving the server portion. RightMesh offers two levels of security: one where the key is directly exchanged in one hop (this is the more secure option). The second, where the key exchange occurs through the mesh over several hops, is less secure because it may be subject to a man-in-the-middle attack. We’re currently researching alternate ways to enhance security of key exchanges over the mesh network.

What is the RM token called?
The RM token is the RMESH token.
How many tokens will be generated?
156 million tokens will be generated.
What currencies will be accepted?
USD and ETH will be accepted.
What jurisdictions are eligible to contribute to the RM Token Generation Event?
RightMesh AG is a Swiss company and thus abides by all Swiss rules and regulations. Thus, we are unable to have participation by sanctioned nations under Swiss law. Furthermore, each contributor is responsible for abiding by the laws and regulations in their jurisdiction and meeting the appropriate requirements. All contributors must go through registration to enable thorough KYC and AML requirements, prior to fund transfer or token generation. US citizens and Canadian residents are prohibited from participating during the Pre-Allocation and Public-Contribution rounds.
What is the timing and structure of the RM token sale?
The RM token sale consists of 3 phases: private pre-contribution period, public pre-contribution period, and the crowd contribution period. Private Pre-Contribution Period We are currently accepting strategic early contributions from supporters whose interests are aligned with RightMesh’s long term vision. Public Pre-Contribution Period (20% bonus) The public pre-contribution period is anticipated to commence on January 16th 2018 and run for approximately 2 weeks. After the public pre-contribution period is over, checked, and cleared, we will announce the exact schedule and implementation of the crowd contribution period. Crowd Contribution Period If all goes as planned, the Crown Contribution Period will commence February 13th 2018 and run for approximately 2 weeks or until the hard cap has been reached.
What is the hard cap?
$45 million (USD)
How will the funds be allocated?
What will the funds be used for?
What will happen to unsold tokens?
Unsold RMESH tokens will be returned to the RightMesh Treasury to be distributed into the network at a later date.
Is the MESH token a security?
No. RMESH Tokens are protocol tokens that will fuel network adoption and growth
What is the function of the RMESH token in the project?
  1. Share Data - Buy and sell data access between users.
  2. Share Resources - Buy and sell storage, processing, sensor data between users.
  3. Share Content - Buy content created by other users; create and sell your own content.
  4. Share Rewards - Reward users for disseminating content, advertising, or apps to other users.
Who is Bitcoin Suisse and why is RM working with them?
Bitcoin Suisse is a regulated financial entity based in Switzerland. They handle the KYC (know your customer) and AML (anti-money laundering) compliance for the RM contributions.

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